Tetraphidaceae
Tetraphidaceae image
Blanka Shaw  
Plants minute and budlike or merely small, forming dense turfs or scattered patches; protonema producing chlorophyllose, perpendicular protonematal flaps, which are persistent or disappear after the development of the gametophores. Stems erect, to 1.5 cm. Leaves ovate or lanceolate, erect, three-ranked and appressed or spreading, costate or ecostate, cells smooth, rounded-hexagonal or oblong-rhomboid, basal cells elongate. Sexual condition autoicous; archegonia and antheridia on short stems at the plant base. Seta straight or flexuose, smooth or papillose. Capsule exserted, single, cylindric, ovate or shortly oblong-cylindric; peristome of four, single, unsegmented, narrowly triangular, multicellular teeth; annulus absent. Calyptra mitrate, smooth or plicate, naked. Spores green to yellowish, 10-16 ┬Ám, spheric, smooth or finely papillose.

Genera 2, species 4 (2 genera, 4 species in the flora): circumboreal, disjunct to the Southern Hemisphere.

Species within Mosses of North Carolina